Africa is well endowed with mineral resources. It harbours the world’s largest mineral reserves of platinum, gold, diamonds, chromite, manganese, and vanadium. Mining in Africa is an integral and important part of the continent’s economy. Many mining projects suffer extreme risks and difficult decisions and sound mining law is integral for an investment decision. The purpose of the publication is to gain a better understanding of what makes up the various laws in each African jurisdiction. The basic essence of mining law in most African countries is similar, being a state licencing system, but each country has its own local laws, customs, practices and guidelines.

LEX Africa is the first and largest African legal alliance with a long history of assisting clients across the continent. It is hoped that our insight into these issues will be both informative and practical. LEX Africa members have a full understanding of mining law in their respective countries and the practice thereof. This edition of the Mining Guide sets the tone for the African continent and establishes a guideline which is both informative and useful. There is no doubt that the key issues raised in the guide will assist in gaining a better understanding of the various applicable mining regimes operative across the continent.

We hope that you enjoy reading this guide as much as we have enjoyed compiling it.

Chris Stevens